The History of Winemaking

Land encompassed by the D.O.C. Bagnoli zone has a tradition of wine production over a thousand years old. Cultivation of grapes has in fact been noted in this area, starting from Roman times.  Winemaking commenced with the arrival of the Venetian Monastery of San Michele in 954. The Benedictine monks, with their exceptional skill produced a notable increase in agricultural production. 
There exist numerous documents which testify to the continuance of wine growing in Bagnoli and surrounding communities. It is a tradition which was augmented by noble Venetian families, who built prestigious and sumptuous residences in the country. In 1656 the Counts Widmann bought from the Papal State the vast lands of Dominio di Bagnoli. In the deeds of sale for the property, important vineyards, casks and barrels are described, which testify to the existence of large cellars organised by and belonging to, the monastery. At the end of the nineteenth century Bagnoli wines were amongst the most famous produced in the Venetian hinterland.

Carlo Goldoni wrote of Bagnoli in 1756:
“Not only come the workers,
but ladies and lords a plenty,
clerics, citizens, and gentry
 graced with every quality,
who within the confine,
drink the good wine,
leaving for town from the city.”

 In 1788 Ludovico Pastò wrote about Friularo: “The Benintendi have no more of the precious Friularo wine.”  (The Benintendi were the last and most important distributors of Venetian wines). The advent of Napoleon’s domination of the Veneto, the spread of Phylloxera, and the progressive abandonment of the countryside, determined that between the nineteenth and twentieth centuries indigenous grapevines were replaced by international varieties.
To prevent the destruction and the loss of the Friularo grape the winegrowers in the zone, guided by the enthusiasm of Lorenzo Borletti, the owner of Dominio di Bagnoli, founded the Society for the Guardianship of the D.O.C. Bagnoli wines in 1995. Thus started an important intervention to recover and oversee the replanting of Friularo over vast areas, and for the development of many wine research projects shared amongst the Conselve vine growers, wineries and producers. Some practices, handed down for generations by the farm workers, have recovered the techniques of the late harvest and of slowly drying grapes for dessert wines. Historical research revealed the work of fortifying wine which came to be known as Travellers’ wine.
New technology allows experimentation in fermenting white wines and Spumante. During the course of the 90’s the wine cellars of Bagnoli and Conselve became known for the great success of their wines in Italy and abroad. With the 1995 harvest the D.O.C. Bagnoli was officially recognised, which drew a line from its historic origins to a wine production which is today widely known and of high quality. The long journey which included epochs, people, passion and a profound attachment to the Bagnoli land arrived on the 8th November 2011 with  the recognition of the Denomination of Origin Controlled and Guaranteed: Bagnoli Friularo D.O.C.G.

Iniziativa finanziata dal Programma di Sviluppo Rurale per il Veneto 2007 - 2013    -    Organismo responsabile dell'informazione: Consorzio di Tutela vini DOC Bagnoli
Autorità di gestione: Regione del Veneto - Direzione Piani e Programmi del Settore Primario